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2020 Allama Iqbal essay
Honorable President, my dear teachers, guests and students Assalam-o-Alaikum.
The creation of a separate independent Muslim state out of British India is greatly indebted to none aside from Dr Sir Allama Muhammad Iqbal, who was the primary person to give out the thought of creation of Pakistan then persuaded Muhammad Ali Jinnah get out of the All India Congress, join All India Muslim League and lead the Muslim struggle towards the final destination PAKISTAN. For this alone, Iqbal has been commonly called as the “Mufakkir e Pakistan”, the Caretaker of Pakistan and “Hakim ul Ummah” (“The Sage of Ummah”). However, Iqbal failed to live to envision the creation of an independent Pakistan as he died in 1938. but perhaps much contended success to aroused the movement for independence. For his vision and support to the creation of Pakistan, Iqbal is considered to be the “spiritual father” of Pakistan.
He was born in Sialkot Pakistan on Friday on the date of November 9. 1877 in a family of merchants and he was educated at Mission College Sialkot. Later he did his graduation in Arabic language and became a PhD philosopher from the famous (GCU) Government College Lahore and was awarded Jamaluddin medallion for securing highest marks in Arabic. and another Gold Medal in English. Later he did is masters in philosophy from the Government College, Lahore, securing first rank in Punjab state and awarded Gold Medal As Assistant Professor in Government College Lahore.
He published his first book, “Elm ul Iqtasad” (study of economy) in 1903. He visited Europe from 1905 to 1908 to get a degree in philosophy from the University of Cambridge, he qualified as a barrister in London. and received a PhD degree from the University of the Munich. His thesis, discovery of Metaphysics in Persia, revealed some aspects of Islamic mysticism formerly unknown in Europe. From 1906 to 1908 he was Professor of Arabic at the University of London. In 1908 he returned to India as a PhD and Bar at Law and started his practice as a barrister and a part time professor of Philosophy and English Literature.
Iqbal as a Poet Philosopher: Allama Muhammad Iqbal is usually observed by everyone as a poet and philosopher, besides being a jurist, a political candidate, a social reformer, and an excellent Islamic scholar. His poetry that rose spirits within the Muslims of India a deep sense of unity and an urge to interrupt away the yoke of slavery from their British masters and Hindu collaborators. To honour him for his vision and his unique poetry, Iqbal is also named as “Shayyar e Mashriq” (Poet of the East). People normally mistake by comparing Iqbal with Ghaalib and other poets. But poets like Shakespeare and Ghalib never have written poetry with a purpose. They had no meaning of life in their poetry and their poetry reflects humanistic aspects, but like Dante and Milton, Iqbal set before an idea of mixing poetry with doctrine. He took it upon himself to inspire the Muslims to consolidate themselves so as to imbibe truth spirit of Islam. This is impossible to deny the greatness of his poetry which, often transcends national frontiers and embraces universal human values. However. Iqbal never considered himself as a poet. “I have never considered myself a poet. Therefore. I am not a rival of anyone. and I do not consider anybody my rival. l have no interest in poetic artistry. But yes, I have an extra ordinary ambition for whose result I use the medium of poetry considering the conditions, traditions and cultures of this country.”
Iqbal’s contribution to the Muslim world together of the best thinkers of Islam remains unparalleled in his writings. He addressed and exhorted people. particularly the youth to face up and boldly face life’s challenges. The basic theme and prime source of his message was the Quran. Iqbal’s poetry and philosophy which was written in Urdu and Persian, stresses the rebirth of Islamic and spiritual feelings in Muslim’s heart through self-development, moral integrity, and individual freedom. His many works include “The Secrets of the Saif, an extended poem, “A Message from the East” and “The Reformation of spiritual Thought in Islam”.
A number of compilations of Allama Iqbal’s soul inspiring poetry were published during his life time, which are still hot favourites among his devout. In 1900, Iqbal for the hrst time read his poem “Nala-e-Yateem,” (Wails of an Orphan) at the annual function of Anjuman-e-Hamayat-e-lslam at Lahore. In 1911 Iqbal wrote an extraordinary and the most controversial poem “Shikwaa” (Complain) in Lahore, written in Persian since Iqbal addressed his request to the whole Muslim world. In this work Iqbal put faith in his theory of the self. a strongly opposed the seife negating quietism (i.e, the thought that perfection and inner peace are attained by passive absorption in contemplation of God and divine things) of classical Islamic mysticism. His criticism shocked many and excited multiple oppositions. Iqbal and his admirers thoroughly maintained that creative self belief may be a fundamental Muslim virtue. His critics said that he copies the thoughts of the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche about Islam. This was followed by the making of “Jawaab-e-Shikwa” (Reply to the Complain) in 1912. In 1915. Iqbal’s long Persian poem “Asraar-e-Khuddi” (Secrets Of One’s Self) was published, followed by sub-counterpart to “Asraar-e-Khudi”. published “Rumooz-e-Bekhuddi“ (Mysteries of Selflessness) in Persian in 1918. In response to Goethe’s West-Ostlicher Divan.
Iqbal wrote “Payaam-e-Mashraq” (The Message from the East) in Persian. His famous “Baang-e-Darra” (The Call of the Bell) was published in 1924. In 1927 Zaboor-e-Ajjam (Persian Psalms) was published inn which Iqbal displayed an combined outstanding talent for the foremost delicate and pleasant of all Persian styles the ghazzal, or poem about love. In 1931, when a collection of his six lectures of “Reformation of Religious Thought in Islam,” was published. In 1932, “Javaid Naama” was printed in Persian, which was taken into account to be back to Dante’s ‘Divine Comedy’. His famous collection “Baal-e-Jibreel“ in Urdu was published in 1934 and “Zarb-e-Kaleem” in 1936, followed by “Pas Che Bayaad Kard” in Persian, and ‘Payaam-e-Mashriq” in September 1936. In most of his works, Iqbal always gave an intense expression to the anguish of Muslim powerlessness.
Iqbal’s Concept of one’s Self (“Khuddi”): The central theme at Iqbal’s poetry revolves round the elevation of the ‘self’ and addresses the Muslims to expand their supernatural being instead of the body’s and world’s needs. This concept is predicated on the extremely important morals of Islam where in order to understand Allah its important to understand one’s own self.