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Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah Essay
Honorable President, my dear teachers, guests and students Assalam-o-Alaikum.
The most important man who created the biggest Muslim State in the world. He shone on the political horizon of India like the pole star showing the right path to the Muslims of this sub-continent. Thus he changed the map of the world. He rose to the height of fame and glory by his great qualities of head and heart. He was possessed of a great integrity of character, boundless energy. a cool and practical mind. He was a man of determination. He was blessed with sincerity of purpose, dedication to an ideal and gift of oratory. The Quaid e Azam will remain for long the envy and ideal of many political leaders of the present and future.
The Savior of the Indian Muslims, Muhammad Ali Jinnah was born on December, 25, 1876 at Karachi. At the very young age of sixteen he proceeded to England to study for the Barrister at Law at the Lincoln’s Inn. He passed the examination with flying colors and was called to the Bar in 1896 and one year later he set up his practice in Bombay. After courageously facing the initial difficulties he set up a roaring practice. But the Quaid e Azam had a political bent of mind and his natural leanings towards politics led him to join the Congress of which he remained an active member for a long time.
While in the Congress the Quaid e Azam believed that the only way to Indian independence was the achievement of Hindu-Muslim Unity. He therefore, vigorously preached this unity and was regarded by other congress leaders as “the best ambassador“ and as the ”Prophet“ of Hindu-Muslims unity. He became an ardent champion of the Home Rule Movement from 1917. But soon he became disillusioned with the Congress. He realized that the congress was a Hindu Organization and its aim to establish a Hindu-Raj in India and make the Muslims live in perpetual minority and slavery. From 1922 on wards. therefore. the Quaid e Azam gave up attending meetings of the Congress Party. Although he did not withdraw his name from the membership of the Congress Party till much later. In 1915, he had married a beautiful Parsi Lady Bai, daughter of Sir Dinshaw Petit of Bombay.
During the nineteen-twenties the Quaid e Azam’s disappointment with the Congress became more and more bitter. He was invited to attend the Round Table Conference in London as the representative of the Indian Muslims. It was here that he found himself in the thick of political activity. He drew up his famous manifesto of 14 points which he submitted to the British Government in which he demanded special safeguards for the Muslims. This created a stir in the Congress Party and his break with it was made final.
In 1931 the Quaid e Azam joined the Muslim League and was elected its President in 1933. Since then he occupied this important position till his sad demise to which he was re-elected every year. He was the guiding and the moving Spirit behind the famous Pakistan resolution , passed at the Muslim League session at Lahore in 1940.
Under his inspiring leadership the Muslim League adopted Pakistan its goal and fought for it finally crowning its struggle with success on the 14th August, 1947, when Pakistan was established.
According to the Act of 1935, provincial autonomy had been introduced in British India. But of the eleven British Indian Provinces seven had Congress Ministries.
The Muslims faced the repression under the Congress ministries with courage and fortitude under the leadership of the Quaid e Azam. When in 1939 the Congress Minis tries resigned he called for the observance of the Day of Deliverance from Congress oppression.
It was on the 5th of November. 1945, that the Quaid e Azam made his famous speech claiming that the Hindus and Muslims were two nations. He declared “from all canons of international law we are a nation”. He was vehemently criticized for, his two-nation theory by the Congress and Hindu leaders, including Mr. Gandhi, who called him a “dreamer” and regarded the idea of Pakistan as the “hallucinations of a dreamer”. The Quaid withstood all these criticism with coolness and replied to it in decent and dignified language.
The British Government and the Congress still refused to accept the idea of the creation Pakistan. It was in the election of 1940 to the Central Provincial Governments, where the Muslim League won about 95% of the seats, that the Muslims demonstrated their solidarity with the Muslim League and their Quaid e Azam. It was now difficult not to accept the idea of Pakistan. At last, after maneuverings, hesitations and delays, the British Government and the Congress accepted the Pakistan idea. It was announced by the British Government on 3rd June, 1947 that India would be partitioned and Pakistan established.
The Quaid e Azam’s patience, foresight, sagacity and wisdom had finally borne fruits. Pakistan came into being on August 14, 1947. The Quaid himself was appointed as the first Governor General of Pakistan.
But death is the inevitable end of life. Death knows no difference between a politician and a layman, a statesman and an ordinary person, a national hero and followers. The dark claws of death finally snatched be loved, the leader from the midst of his people on September 11, 1948, in Karachi. It was the same small town where he was born and which he had turned the overflowing capital of the new State of Pakistan. Unfortunately for his people, the great leader did not live long enough to consolidate and strengthen the nation he had created. He was buried in Karachi with full military honors and the nations mourned this great loss for many days.
In the face of organized opposition from the 30 crore of Hindus of the sub-continent, the Congress party, and a few of the Indian Muslims, in spite of the reluctance the British Government to cede his demand, the Quaid e Azam was finally successful in winning Pakistan for Muslims of India. He succeeded through his indomitable courage, wisdom, sagacity, sincerity and devotion gave to the nation the three mottoes of “Unity, Faith and Discipline”
It is the sacred and incumbent duty of every Muslim to safeguard and preserve the country and its independence which the Quaid e Azam won for them after a and a bitter struggle. His memory will live for ever in the mind of every man and woman of Pakistan, of the Indo-Pak sub-continent. May, the whole worlds and biography will be written in the pages of History in “letters of Gold”. By his sad and premature death was not only Pakistan had lost its leader; but also world had lost a great statesman. The Quaid-i-Azam sends message to the youth of Pakistan from the death’s bed versified by the poet in the following lines ‘t’s time conserve now what you have wrested from Hind -Kashmir and Durond. Sylhet and Sindh ‘t’s not a slice ‘ve torn from Mother India’s frame, ‘t’s her ancient honor, it is her more ancient name What the great Mughal couldn’t achieve by centuries lead. You have carved out of Hind a separate Muslim State indeed. No resource less people like us ever can Dream of wresting liberty without purse and press, Without press and plan.
By the Grace of God once again you are free, a time preserve now your long-lost liberty. In the glorious traditions of God’s Holy Prophet last Like that iconoclast killing “color” and “caste”. Blaze forth the truth that all men are free. And Islam is the Faith of Man’s liberty.